There are three main types of joints in the body, which allow varying degrees of movement. These are fibrous, cartilaginous and synovial joints. A joint is formed where two or more bones meet. Some allow movement and so give mobility to the body while others protect and support the body holding the bones rigid against each other. Slightly mobile joints such as the junction of the bones making up the front of the pelvis have a layer of cartilage between them and are held together by strong fibrous ligaments. Freely moved by muscles, ligaments, and tendons. When any of the muscles, ligaments or tendons become strained, the body is signaled by pain. Pain to alter your stride and your posture putting further stress on other muscles and ligaments that are trying to compensate for this shift in weight. This creates further complications to other muscles groups causing physical activities among both young and middle-aged adults, and seniors, joint injury has also increased significantly. This includes knee, ankle, elbow, wrist, feet, shoulder and back injuries.
Research along with new technology now provides us with more choices on how we can take the stress off joints by the use of Soft Supports. Since joint pain is aggravated by movement, it doesn’t take long before every day activities become very painful and difficult to perform. Joint pain is often worse at night, disrupting your sleep. Fibrous Joints – where two bones are protein). Collagen fibers allows little, if any, movement. Fibrous joints are located in the body where the movement of one bone upon the other should be prevented, such as in the skull. Cartilaginous Joints -these joints are usually located at the ends of the bones and are covered with a thin layer of hyaline (glass-like cartilage, with the bones being connected by tough fibrocartilage. The whole joint Is covered by a fibrous capsule. Cartilaginous pressure, therefore giving flexibility to structures such as the spinal column. Synovial Joints- most joints of the body are synovial in nature, and allow easy movement between the bones. In a synovial joint, the bony surface of movable joints synovial fluid lines the joint capsule and lubricates the joints. The joint cavity is lined by a synovial membrane and the whole joint is enclosed by a fibrous capsule. In a synovial joint, the ends of the Bones are smooth, and are covered by articular cartilage that has an extremely low coefficient of friction.
Joints can also be grouped according to their function. Perhaps the most important function of a joint is to allow or prevent movement. On this basis, there are three groups:
- Synarthroses – joints which allow no movement. These joints lie predominantly within the axial skeleton (the central skeleton, excluding the limbs), where bones are more likely to fulfil the functions of upport and protection than mobility. An example is the fibrous joints (sutures) of the skull.
- Amhiarthroses – joints that allow slight movement. These are found in areas where some flexibility is needed but greater degrees of movement would be unsuitable. Examples include the vertebral joints or the fibrous interosseous membrane in the forearm.
- Diarthroses – joint which allow free movement. These predominate in the limbs, where mobility and movement are the prime functions. Some examples are the hip, shoulder and elbow joints. A mobile joint may have more than one type of joint movement; the elbow, for example, includes a hinge joint and a pivot joint. The joint are reinforced by ligaments. Some ligaments are just thickened areas of the capsule itself, while others are attached to the bone. The cruciate ligaments of the knee joint, for example, are very strong fibrous cords that are separate from the capsule of the knee joint. (Joints can be investigated by arthroscopy, a technique in which a small tube is inserted into the joint to transmit images of the interior to a screen; arthroscopy can be used to guide surgical procedures within the joint, such as taking a biopsy of synovial membrane).
When a joint is sprained, the ligaments may be stretched or ruptured. When a joint is immobilized for a long period of time, such as in a cast, the capsule and ligaments contract and become stiff, reducing the range of movement of the joint when the cast is removed. Physical therapy and stretching exercises often help the joint regain its mobility.
When using a Soft Support, you are keeping the joint more immobile thereby
stress away from the inflamed area with the use of a Soft Support, healing occurs much faster. Also the application of heat or cold to the affected area will help reduce the pain and inflammation. Capsules and ligaments are both made up of fibers of connective tissue.
While the fibers in capsules are randomly arranged, those in ligaments are densely packed and run parallel in one direction. This arrangement gives ligaments a shiny appearance and great tensile strength in the direction of the fibers. In some injuries, bones break before ligaments rupture. Soft Supports when worn regularity often enable you to function with little or no pain. Soft Supports can be worn for an extended period of time when you are about to engage in a physical activity. By being consistent with its use, you allow the inflamed area time to strengthen without becoming stressed again by use. After recovery, strengthening exercises for the muscles surrounding the affected tendon may prevent recurrence of the injury. Many health practitioners believe that by supplementing your diet with a good quality multi-vitamin and mineral formula or specially formulated joint, muscle and bone support formulas; you can speed up the body’s ability to repair the damaged tissues. This approach is used along with a Soft Support. Expect to remain on these types of formulas for three to six months before regaining optimal results. Professional athletes agree that good nutrition is a major contributor to both injury prevention and recovery. If you overlook nutrition, you get hurt more often and just don’t heal as fast.
Supplementation is the best way to ensure you are receiving adequate nutrients in your diet. Early treatments and intervention is essential in strengthening your soft tissues, ligaments and joints? Experts agree that injuries to joints represent a far more serious risk for osteoarthritis. Injuries even in early life often translates to degeneration in later years. Any traumas, upsets the stability of the joint structure, such as fractures, tears in the ligaments or soft tissue holding bones in place, leads to arthritis in a high percentage of cases. Any trauma to a joint can lead to cartilage breakdown, fracturing of connective tissue links, the rupture of small capillaries, muscle spasm, and calcium buildup.
Osteoarthritis almost always develops after severe joint injury. But even a minor injury, if ignored, may create conditions for degeneration over the long haul. Enough micro- Trauma to the knee joint, for instance, can eventually lead to degenerative arthritis. Sports, especially at a high level, raise the arthritis risk considerably and impose colossal demand upon the performer. Sports that generate more acute joint injuries, including damage to the ligaments, joint capsule, menisci, and muscles, increase the risk of degenerative change. These can include body contact sports like hockey,lacrosse, football or rugby; court sports such as basketball, tennis, volleyball, and squash; baseball, weightlifting; and winter sports such as skiing and skating. These breakdowns can often take between 10 to 20 years to show up. This is why it is so important to take your injuries seriously and begin a thorough aggressive therapeutic approach to repairing damaged joints.
If joint pain is caused from either Osteoarthritis or Rheumatoid arthritis then exercise is important in both the prevention and treatment because unused joints tend to stiffen. By using a Soft Support it makes it possible to engage in light exercise on a daily basis without adding stress to the joint. Good posture is also important to prevent stiffness and crippling. Poor posture can cause body-weight to be distributed unevenly, placing more stress on certain joints, thus resulting in unnecessary pain. Technology has also played a major role in the healing of joint pain. There are several kinds of portable-healing equipment that can be purchased to increase the body’s ability to heal and repair damaged tissues. When used regularly complete recovery is often experienced. This equipment is affordable to most people.